DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, SEXUAL
ASSAULT, STALKING & DIVORCE
See Also the Web Page "Georgia
Full Faith and Credit
Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act, 18 U.S.C. §§ 2265-2266 (2000)
This is Federal Law!
National Center on Protection Orders and Full Faith and Credit (NCPOFFC)
800-903-0111, prompt 2;
"The National Center on
Protection Orders and Full Faith and Credit (NCPOFFC) was created in 1995
through a cooperative agreement between the Office for Victims of Crime of
the U.S. Department of Justice and the Pennsylvania Coalition Against
Domestic Violence (PCADV) to promote and facilitate inter-jurisdictional
enforcement of civil and criminal protection orders in state, tribal, and
territorial courts pursuant to the Full Faith and Credit provision of the
Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). The NCPOFFC operated under a cooperative
agreement between PCADV and the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW), U.S.
Department of Justice until October 2006 when the NCFFC became part of the
Battered Women's Justice Project (BWJP). The NCPOFFC currently operates
under a cooperative agreement between BWJP and the OVW."
NCPOFFC’s Mission Statement
"Full Faith and Credit Given to Protection Orders", § 2265.
Full Faith and Credit Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act, 18 U.S.C.
§ 2265-2266 (2000).
Sec. 2265. Full faith and credit
given to protection orders
(a) Full Faith and Credit. - Any
protection order issued that is consistent with subsection (b) of this
section by the court of one State or Indian tribe (the issuing State or
Indian tribe) shall be accorded full faith and credit by the court of
another State or Indian tribe (the enforcing State or Indian tribe) and
enforced as if it were the order of the enforcing State or tribe.
(b) Protection Order. - A protection
order issued by a State or tribal court is consistent with this subsection
(1) such court has jurisdiction over
the parties and matter under the law of such State or Indian tribe; and
(2) reasonable notice and
opportunity to be heard is given to the person against whom the order is
sought sufficient to protect that person's right to due process. In the case
of ex parte orders, notice and opportunity to be heard must be provided
within the time required by State or
tribal law, and in any event within a reasonable time after the order is
issued, sufficient to protect the respondent's due process rights.
(c) Cross or Counter Petition. - A
protection order issued by a State or tribal court against one who has
petitioned, filed a complaint, or otherwise filed a written pleading for
protection against abuse by a spouse or intimate partner is not entitled to
full faith and credit if -
(1) no cross or counter petition,
complaint, or other written pleading was filed seeking such a protection
(2) a cross or counter petition has
been filed and the court did not make specific findings that each party was
entitled to such an order.
(d) Notification and Registration. -
(1) Notification. - A State or
Indian tribe according full faith and credit to an order by a court of
another State or Indian tribe shall not notify or require notification of
the party against whom a protection order has been issued that the
protection order has been registered or filed in that enforcing State or
tribal jurisdiction unless requested to do so by the party protected under
(2) No prior registration or filing
as prerequisite for enforcement. - Any protection order that is otherwise
consistent with this section shall be accorded full faith and credit,
notwithstanding failure to comply with any requirement that the order be
registered or filed in the enforcing State or tribal jurisdiction.
(e) Tribal Court Jurisdiction. - For
purposes of this section, a tribal court shall have full civil jurisdiction
to enforce protection orders, including authority to enforce any orders
through civil contempt proceedings, exclusion of violators from Indian
lands, and other appropriate mechanisms, in matters arising within the
authority of the tribe.
18 USC Sec. 2266 01/03/05
Sec. 2266. Definitions
In this chapter:
(1) Bodily injury. - The term
"bodily injury" means any act, except one done in self-defense, that results
in physical injury or sexual abuse.
(2) Course of conduct. - The term
"course of conduct" means a pattern of conduct composed of 2 or more acts,
evidencing a continuity of purpose.
(3) Enter or leave indian country. -
The term "enter or leave Indian country" includes leaving the jurisdiction
of 1 tribal government and entering the jurisdiction of another tribal
(4) Indian country. - The term
"Indian country" has the meaning stated in section 1151 of this title.
(5) Protection order. - The term
"protection order" includes any injunction or other order issued for the
purpose of preventing violent or threatening acts or harassment against, or
contact or communication with or physical proximity to, another person,
including any temporary or final order issued by a civil and criminal court
(other than a support or child custody order issued pursuant to State
divorce and child custody laws, except to the extent that such an order is
entitled to full faith and credit under other Federal law) whether obtained
by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another
proceeding so long as any civil order was issued in response to a complaint,
petition, or motion filed by or on behalf of a person seeking protection.
(6) Serious bodily injury. - The
term "serious bodily injury" has the meaning stated in section 2119(2).
(7) Spouse or intimate partner. -
The term "spouse or intimate partner" includes -
(A) for purposes of -
(i) sections other than 2261A, a
spouse or former spouse of the abuser, a person who shares a child in common
with the abuser, and a person who cohabits or has cohabited as a spouse with
the abuser; and
(ii) section 2261A, a spouse or
former spouse of the target of the stalking, a person who shares a child in
common with the target of the stalking, and a person who cohabits or has
cohabited as a spouse with the target of the stalking; and
(B) any other person similarly
situated to a spouse who is protected by the domestic or family violence
laws of the State or tribal jurisdiction in which the injury occurred or
where the victim resides.
(8) State. - The term "State"
includes a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, and a
commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.
(9) Travel in interstate or foreign
commerce. - The term "travel in interstate or foreign commerce" does not
include travel from 1 State to another by an individual who is a member of
an Indian tribe and who remains at all times in the territory of the Indian
tribe of which the individual is a member.
(Added Pub. L. 103-322, title IV,
Sec. 40221(a), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1931; amended Pub. L. 106-386, div.
B, title I, Sec. 1107(d), Oct. 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 1499.)
2000 - Pub. L. 106-386 reenacted
section catchline without change and amended text generally. Prior to
amendment, text defined "bodily injury", "Indian country", "protection
order", "spouse or intimate partner", "State", and "travel across State
National Center on Full Faith & Credit 800-903-0111, Ext. 2 (assists when
Law Enforcement Will Not Follow this Federal Law When Presented an Out of
State Order Based on Domestic Violence). "The
National Center on Full Faith & Credit (800-903-0111
x.2) promotes the timely, universal enforcement
of protection orders in state and tribal courts throughout the country in
accordance with the federal
Violence Against Women Act."
Hosted by the
Coalition Against Domestic Violence.
Find a Divorce Attorney
Attorneys for Child Custody
Research on Family Law
GEORGIA LAW On this Page
"DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PHONE NUMBERS"
Advocacy Council 770-333-9254
Network to End Sexual Assault, 131 Ponce De Leon Ave. Suite 122 ·
Atlanta, GA 30308,404-815-5261; Toll Free: 866-354-3672; Fax: 404-815-5265
Phone Numbers Georgia & National Numbers!
American Bar Association Domestic Violence
Rape and Domestic Violence Aid and Resource Collection (AARDVARC)
National Resources, State by State
Civil Stalking Laws by State By the
Stalking Resource Center, The National Center for Victims of Crime.
Controlling Anger American Psychological Association
Child Abuse MedlinePlus.
Children's Rights Council
Child Access Centers Used to peacefully transfer kids from one parent to
Criminal Justice Coordinating Council
Dealing with Stalking KidPower TeenPower Fullpower International
Directory of Crime Victim Services
Divorce Law by State
Domestic Violence Resources Federal/National & State/Community Resources
Domestic/Family Violence Resource Guide, Knowledge & Information Services
Thirty One (31) Topics. By the National Center for State Court Court (NCSC).
Domestic Violence Phone Numbers Georgia & National Numbers!
Prevention Fund Dedicated to Ending Abuse
Family Violence State Links, Knowledge & Information Services By the
National Center for State Court Court (NCSC).
Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and
Acquaintances U.S. Department of Justice · Office of Justice Programs,
Bureau of Justice Statistics
Intimate Partner Homicide NIJ Journal Issue No. 250" (JR 000250) (56
pp.) focuses on intimate partner homicide. It examines which women are most
at risk for being a murder victim and considers policies
that may explain the declines or result in further declines.
Melissa Institute "The Melissa Institute is a non-profit organization
dedicated to the study and prevention of violence through education,
community service, research support and consultation."
National Calendar of Crime Victim
National Center On Domestic And Sexual
National Center for Victims of Crime Stalking Resource Center
National Crime Victim Law Institute Among Other Things: "Provides
technical assistance to attorneys who provide direct legal services to crime
National Coalition Against Domestic
Network to End Domestic Violence (NNEDV)
for Victims of Crime (OVC) U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)
Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network is the nation's largest anti-sexual
assault organization. RAINN operates the National Sexual Assault Hotline and
carries out programs to prevent sexual assault, help victims and ensure that
rapists are brought to justice." 800-656-4673
Successfully Investigating Acquaintance Sexual Assault A National
Training Manual for Law Enforcement
End Stalking in America (E.S.I.A.)
Stalking Article Office of Community Policing Services and National
Center for Victims of Crime
Stalking Laws by State Angels In Blue
Stalking Manual in PDF Format U.S. Department of Justice
Stalking Resource Center
Stop Violence Against Women By Amnesty International.
Successfully Investigating Acquaintance Sexual Assault A National
Training Manual for Law Enforcement. By the The National Center
for Women and Policing"
Telephone Numbers Georgia & National Numbers!
End Violence Against Women NCJRS
Department of Justice National Center for Victims of Crime
"Violence Against Women: Identifying Risk Factors" U.S. Department of
"When Violence Hits Home: How Economics and Neighborhood Play September
2004 Publication by National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Working Together to End The Violence
Work Place Violence
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence Has a lot of good
brochures that you can download on line